Track the signs of Québec City’s French heritage!
1608. Québec is founded by French explorer Samuel de Champlain, becoming the cradle of French civilization in North America. The Siege of Québec and the famous Battle of the Plains of Abraham later led to the fall of New France.
The French Regime has left a lasting imprint on Québec’s culture, not least in the gift of what is still today and its principal language. Come explore this rich legacy!
Place Royale is the place where Samuel de Champlain founded Québec in 1608.
The Ursulines founded North America’s first school for girls here. They arrived at their current location in 1642.
Notre-Dame-de-Québec was built in 1647, leading in 1674 to the establishment of the first Roman Catholic parish north of the Spanish colonies.
The first permanent Jesuit establishment in the area, founded in 1637 in an effort to convert and settle the nomadic Algonquins and their allies.
The walls and gates surrounding most of the Old City were built for defence by the French in the 17th and 18th centuries. Québec is the continent’s only remaining fortified city north of Mexico, for which it has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
This first French-language university in the Americas was founded in 1852, taking over buildings occupied by a community of priests since 1663.
Trait-Carré of Charlesbourg is known for its star-shaped layout, designed to group the houses and residents together for better protection against attacks from the Iroquois.
Îlot des Palais is the site of the first brewery in New France as well as being the palace of the intendant (colonial administrator).
The New France Route is a tourism circuit running between Québec’s Old City and the Côte-de-Beaupré region, formerly used to bring supplies in from the country.
The oldest driveable road in Canada, built in 1737 to link up Québec City, Trois-Rivières, and Montréal.
This site of extensive archaeological excavations bears witness to North America’s first French colony, established by Jacques Cartier and Jean-François de La Rocque de Roberval in 1541. Impressive vegetation and wildlife make it a nature park along with the interpretive panels exploring and explaining the history of the site.
4075 chemin St-Louis
French explorer Samuel de Champlain founded Québec in 1608. The promontory of Cap Diamant and the narrower stretch of the St. Lawrence River made it a good place for settlement. The Champlain Monument is one of the city’s most spectacular monument because of its size and dramatic setting.
Louis Hébert and his family were the first arrivals to farm the land in New France. The monument commemorates the first colonists to come to Québec in 1617.
Governor Frontenac built this gun battery in 1691, facing the river so that soldiers could defend against threats from ships on the St. Lawrence River. The “Royal” part of its name honours Louis XIV. It saw action during the celebrated battle of 1759.
Near Place de Paris
This charming oasis in the heart of the Old City is all that remains of a former French defensive structure. In 1663 it was home to a windmill, which became part of Québec’s first fortifications.
End of rue Mont-Carmel
Louis-Joseph de Montcalm led the French troops in the Battle of the Plains of Abraham in 1759. He is depicted being held up by the Angel of Glory, who crowns him with laurels after he receives his mortal wound.
Grande-Allée East and Cours du Général-De Montcalm
Louis-Joseph de Montcalm’s body was first kept in the Ursulines Chapel before being transferred to the cemetery of Hôpital général de Québec. Montcalm’s name is inscribed above the mausoleum entrance.
260, boulevard Langelier
Experience life as it was in New France during the French Regime in the 17th and 18th centuries. Enjoy dancing, music, storytelling, historic re-enactments, street performers, concerts, theatre, parades and local food products sampling. Don a period costume and join the ancestral fun!
Québec City is renowned for its fine dining and is home to a surprising variety of gourmet gems that will please the most refined of palates. Many French chefs have made Québec City their home and enjoy bestowing the glories of French cuisine on visitors. Discover the city’s French restaurants.
Explore the signs of Québec City’s English, Scottish, and Irish heritage.
Learn more about the history and heritage of Québec City by taking a tour of the city next time you’re in town.